Historical Women in Radiology

As we celebrate Women’s History Month this March, we’d like to take a moment to recognize the impact women have had on the world of medical imaging.

Marie Sklodowska Curie-wikipedia-commons

Marie Sklodowska Curie (Wikipedia Commons)

Marie Sklodowska Curie, a Polish scientist born in 1867, was the first woman in Europe to receive a doctorate of science, as well as a Nobel Prize for Physics. She and her husband were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for discovering radioactivity. A woman of firsts, Curie was also the first woman to receive a Gold Medal from the Radiological Society of North America in 1922, followed by the American College of Radiology in 1931. Although X-Ray machines were equipped in hospitals, she felt it was necessary to make these machines more accessible on the battle field.
Curie equipped vehicles with X-Ray equipment, and later became the Director of Radiological Services for the Red Cross.

Lucy Frank Squire, an American radiologist and educator born in 1915, worked in private practice before teaching at various organizations including Harvard Medical School. She wrote and published well-known text books, some of which are still used today, including Fundamentals of Radiology, and Exercises in Diagnostic Radiology. Squire was the first to win the American Association for Women Radiologists (AAWR) Marie Curie Award.

Dr. Mary Stuart Fisher, MD was another female pioneer in radiology. An American born in 1922,
Dr. Fisher was first in her class at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, and was the first woman president of the oldest radiological society in the world –the Philadelphia Roentgen Ray Society. Dr. Fisher’s many published contributions lead to her being awarded with the AAWR’s Marie Curie Award in 1992, and the Physician of the Year (Temple University Hospital) in 1996.

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